Tourism of North Sumatera

North Sumatra is a province that has a number of unique tourism objects, both natural and cultural. Some of these attractions have been widely known to foreign countries such as Lake Toba with beautiful natural scenery and Bukit Lawang with a unique Sumatran orangutan, different from the Bornean orangutan.

Medan City itself as a gateway to various tourist destinations in Sumatra, has a number of city attractions such as Istana Maimun with the Grand Mosque and King’s Pool, Tjong A Fie House with Kesawan area, and old buildings inherited from colonial times. Since long time ago, Medan was known as a trading city where a number of plantation company headquarters stood like the famous Tobacco Deli to foreign countries.

Lake Toba

Lake Toba is an enchanting natural wonder that stretches for 100 km with a width of 30 km above the Bukit Barisan mountains. Its location is at an altitude of 900 meters above sea level (asl) and surrounded by green forest areas makes the surrounding air cool and refreshing.

Lake Toba, which has an area of 1,145 km2 with a depth of 450 meters that looks like an ocean, is the largest and deepest volcanic lake in the world. This lake is estimated to be formed from the eruption of the Mount Toba supervolcano which occurred around 74,000 years ago. The lake, which is one of the tourist icons of North Sumatra Province, is an interesting and challenging tourist destination to visit.

In the middle of Lake Toba there is Samosir Island at an altitude of 1,000 asl, which is approximately the same as Singapore. On this island there are also various tourist objects such as tombs made of stone that are around 500 years old and villages with traditional traditional houses and unique and ancient Batak Toba cultures.

The distance from Medan to Parapat, a tourist town on the edge of Dana Toba is 180 km with a travel time of 4 hours.

Bukit Lawang

Bukit Lawang (door to hill) is a small village located in the South of Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL). This village is the gateway to the legendary Sumatra forest where Mount Leuser (3,404 meters) is located. The GLNP area stretches in the Bukit Barisan mountains, in the north is part of the Aceh Province region and in the south part of the North Sumatra Province region.

In Bukit Lawang there is a rehabilitation center for Sumatran orangutans which was established in 1973. Orangutans are the main attraction of Bukit Lawang where can be seen this rare graceful primate swinging above the trees of dense tropical forests as its natural habitat.

The distance from Medan to Bukit Lawang is around 90 km which can be reached for 2 hours.


Tangkahan is synonymous with panoramic views of beautiful tropical rainforest and is often referred to as a hidden paradise in Gunung Leuser National Park (TNGL). Tangkahan which has an area of around 17,000 ha is a conservation area. Elephants are used to patrol to protect TNGL, and visitors can take part in riding elephants tracing the forest.

At this location, there are various types of flora and fauna, caves and waterfalls, hot springs, white water rafting, camping, trekking routes both on foot and by riding a Sumatran elephant. In addition, there are two rivers that split GLNP, the Batang Serangan River and the Buluh River where the water is very clear.

The distance from Medan to Tangkahan is about 124 km, with a travel time of 3 hours.

Teluk Dalam

Teluk Dalam is a city located on the southern tip of Nias Island. This city is the entrance for world surfers who come in certain seasons to surf. Teluk Dalam has beautiful beaches such as Lagundri Beach and Sorake Beach. Both of these beaches are the prima donna of the world surfers because the waves roll that have a perfect height are equivalent to those found in Hawaii.

Some villages around Teluk Dalam are still thick with unique Nias traditions and architecture, such as Bawomataluo Village, which is about 15 km from Teluk Dalam. This village is located on a hill with an altitude of 400 meters above sea level. The houses in this village have Nias traditional house architecture known as Omo Nifolasara, which is hundreds of years old. Houses in this village are built facing each other so that they leave a large yard that is used as a place to show the Teluk Dalam traditional arts such as Lompat Batu (Hombo Batu) and War Dance.

At Teluk Dalam there are also Megalithic relics in Orahili Village, Gomo District. A number of large stones are in the hills close to the Gomo River. According to the history of the hills and the megalithic rocks it is a settlement that originated in the Young Stone Age (Neolithicum) around 1000 to 1500 AD.

Teluk Dalam can be reached by flight from Medan to Gunung Sitoli in 50 minutes.

Sipiso-piso Waterfall


This Waterfall is one of the main tourist attractions of North Sumatra Province. And one of the highest waterfalls in Indonesia with a height of 120 meters. Located in Tongging Village, Merek District, Karo Regency, North Sumatra

The location of this waterfall is not far from the largest lake in Indonesia, namely Lake Toba. The waterfall which is at an altitude of 800 meters is formed from an underground river in the Karo plato which flows through a cave beside the lake of Lake Toba. The water that comes out of the cave that is not so big is very heavy especially falling at an altitude of 120 meters, making this waterfall so beautiful. The word “piso” means a knife, because this waterfall is indeed seen from afar as a knife, small and long.

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